More than Sixty Years of Historic Annapolis
Historic Annapolis grew out of a grassroots effort to preserve the outstanding architectural legacy of Maryland’s capital city. Since its inception in 1952, our organization has been instrumental in saving or protecting hundreds of historic buildings in the heart of the city. We’ve helped to block outsized new construction that would have detracted from the city’s historic character and special charm. Annapolis is now a revitalization success story in which preservation of its unique historical identity has contributed to a thriving economy and high quality of life.
For more than six decades, Historic Annapolis has also researched, chronicled, and interpreted the many facets of Annapolis’s diverse history. We’ve collected documents, images, and artifacts that embody that history. And we’ve made that history accessible and enjoyable through a wide range of educational opportunities and public programs.
This timeline highlights just a few of the key preservation initiatives in which Historic Annapolis has played a major role and a sampling of the educational programs we have launched.
Historic Annapolis, Inc. (later renamed Historic Annapolis Foundation, and now Historic Annapolis) was formed when concerned citizens joined efforts to safeguard their city’s historic structures and character.
The organization began developing public education programs to encourage appreciation of the city’s historical, architectural, and cultural assets.
Historic Annapolis’s first major project raised funds to move the Charles Carroll the Barrister House from its original site on Main Street to the campus of St. John’s College to save it from demolition.
When Shiplap House (43 Pinkney Street), one of the city’s earliest buildings, was threatened with demolition, Historic Annapolis purchased it. Once restored, the building housed the organization’s main office for many years.
Historic Annapolis undertook the first of three comprehensive building surveys to identify and call attention to the scope of the city’s architectural assets.
The organization’s research center was established.
Historic Annapolis led the campaign to prevent the U.S. Naval Academy’s expansion into “Three Ancient Blocks” just outside Gate 3.
A Revolving Fund was begun to enable the purchase, renovation, and resale of historic structures with protective easements in place.
Historic Annapolis raised $276,000 to acquire the colonial-era William Paca House, then barely recognizable at the core of the outmoded Carvel Hall hotel. The State of Maryland purchased the rest of the hotel property, once the location of Paca’s garden. Research and restoration work began to return the Paca site to its original appearance.
The Colonial Annapolis Historic District was designated a National Historic Landmark.
Historic Annapolis negotiated federal and state grants that enabled it to buy 77 Main Street and 4 & 43 Pinkney Street and to establish protective easements on Middleton Tavern and 37 Cornhill Street.
Historic Annapolis launched its Historic Building Marker program as a means to promote preservation and educate people about the city’s diverse architectural heritage.
In collaboration with Friends of the Market, Historic Annapolis rallied public support needed to rescue the 1858 Market House at City Dock from plans for demolition to clear the way for a parking facility. The effort also mobilized support needed to approve the Historic District Ordinance, granting greater protections for historic structures through oversight by the city government’s Historic District Commission (now Historic Preservation Commission).
Historic Annapolis was instrumental in winning a reprieve from proposed demolition for fourteen threatened buildings on State Circle.
The William Paca Garden opened to the public following years of restoration work.
The restored William Paca House opened to the public in time for the nation’s Bicentennial celebration.
Historic Annapolis supported the Annapolis City Council’s passage of a Height and Bulk Ordinance and a Demolition by Neglect Ordinance, strengthening protection of the historic district’s existing buildings and human scale.
Historic Annapolis’s museum and public programs were accredited by the American Association of Museums (now the American Alliance of Museums).
Historic Annapolis trademarked the phrase “Annapolis: A Museum Without Walls.”
Archaeology in Annapolis, a program jointly sponsored by Historic Annapolis, the City of Annapolis, and the University of Maryland, College Park, excavated the first of many city sites. Over the years, the project’s research findings have added greatly to our understanding of the city’s past.
Annapolis’s historic district was added to the National Register of Historic Places.
After lengthy negotiations, Historic Annapolis won adherence to height regulations in the construction of a parking garage in the historic district.
Discoveries made by Archaeology in Annapolis at the Maynard-Burgess House and the Charles Carroll House revealed much about African Americans in Annapolis and attracted national media attention.
Historic Annapolis presented its first “Annapolis by Candlelight” tour of historic homes, launching one of the city’s most popular annual events.
The successful advocacy of Historic Annapolis and the city’s Historic Preservation Commission resulted in restoration of the 19th-century Anne Arundel County Courthouse on Church Circle as the entrance to a new court facility.
Following intense lobbying by Historic Annapolis, Main Street was reconstructed with brick pavement, and power and telephone lines were placed underground.
Historic Annapolis helped to organize the Vernacular Architecture Forum conference “The Chesapeake Landscape” and contributed to the resulting book Architecture in Annapolis: A Field Guide.
Historic Annapolis celebrated its 50th anniversary.
The National Trust for Historic Preservation named Annapolis one of “America’s Dozen Distinctive Destinations.”
At 99 Main Street, Historic Annapolis opened HistoryQuest (now the Historic Annapolis Museum and Store) at the St. Clair Wright Center as a facility to orient visitors to the history of Maryland’s capital city.
Historic Annapolis began its “Footprints” afterschool educational enrichment program for students in local Title I elementary schools.
Historic Annapolis researched, wrote, and produced “Project Run-A-Way,” a living history stage show that dramatized the stories of nine runaway servants and slaves. The show was presented at four theaters across Maryland.
The exhibit “Freedom Bound: Runaways of the Chesapeake” opened at the Historic Annapolis Museum and Store, with satellite components at the Waterfront Warehouse and the Banneker-Douglass Museum.
The State of Maryland purchased the colonial–era James Brice House and arranged for Historic Annapolis to maintain and manage it.
Historic Annapolis began leading the discussion about working toward a preservation-based treatment for Annapolis City Dock.